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…… NEXT the Great Orme Country Park 

The Great Orme is fully integrated into the modern tourism and leisure aspects of Llandudno, but the Orme is quite large enough to accommodate all these and also the small resident community of Tyn y Coed and several farms, and still preserve the many natural, historic and archaeological features that make this headland unique.  These are skilfully presented at the summit information centre on the Great Orme's Head (Pen-y-Gogarth) and at the Llandudno Museum in the town centre.

On the northern side of the Great Orme, nestling in a sheltered hollow, is the church of Saint Tudno with its churchyard and the adjacent town cemetery, still in regular use. This little church, open daily during the season, was built in the 12th century on a Christian site dating from the 6th century and dedicated to the memory of its founder St. Tudno (feast day June 5th). He was one of the seven sons of King Seithenyn whose legendary kingdom in Cardigan Bay was submerged by tidal activity. Each son in reparation for their father's neglect, so it was seen, studied in St. Dunawd's college at Bangor Iscoed (Bangor on Dee, near Chester).  Saint Tudno and other local saints are discussed at the writer’s North Wales Saints website.

Haven of Peace

 Hardd Hafan Hedd – Beautiful Haven of Peace

Later Tudno established the Church on Cyngreawdr (the great rock - the Great Orme). The Ogof Llech (a small cave on the headland, difficult of access, but with a clear spring of water) was Saint Tudno’s cell.

Saint Tudno's Church

14th century surveys indicate that the Episcopal Manor of Gogarth (the area of the present Great Orme, which was given to the Bishop of Bangor by King Edward in recognition of the bishop’s vital support in the baptism and promotion of the first English Prince of Wales) included three townships, Gogarth in the south-west (where the ruins of the Bishop of Bangor’s Palace survive), Cyngreawdr to the north (the area centred on St. Tudno’s church), and Yr Wyddfid to the east, (overlooking the Happy Valley).

Saint Tudno's Service

Open-air services are held in Saint Tudno’s Churchyard (see above) on Summer Sunday mornings (from the last Sunday in May until the end of September at 11 o’clock). 

Interior of St. Tudno's Church

If wet, the service is held inside St. Tudno's Church.

Full details are on Saint Tudno's Page on the Llandudno Parish Website.

Holy Trinity, the Church in Wales (Anglican) parish church in Mostyn Street Llandudno, has its principal service every Sunday morning at 10:30am.  Full details are on the Llandudno Parish Website.

There are four churches in the Church in Wales (Anglican) parish of Llanrhos (including Saint Paul’s at Craig y Don) and full details are given on the Cytûn website.  

The principal churches of Llandudno are members of Cytûn – Churches Together in Llandudno and details of all Church Services are at Llandudno Churches Together.   The Cytûn website also has a page devoted to Saint Tudno's Church and its Services.

The Free Trade Loaf on the Great Orme

Not far from St Tudno’s on the high ground to the west are many glacial erratics including this one resembling an old-style cottage loaf. This is Llandudno's famous Free Trade Loaf against which, in earlier times, trade bargains were traditionally struck. Nowadays everyone uses shops, markets, and auctioneers and, of course, modern shopping centres.

Between St. Tudno’s and the Free Trade Loaf, near Ffynnon Rufeinig (Roman Well, near which Roman coins were once found), is an area, shown in aerial photographs, containing striking evidence of extensive ridge and furrow farming, and also nearby is ‘Hwylfa’r Ceirw’, an ancient double row of stones.

(last updated May 2008 - photographs © Noel Walley)

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